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Introduction to Christianity with Luke
Chapter 22

Luke 22:1-6: Judas plots with Sanhedrin

Judas plotting with the Sanhedrin In Matthew 26:14-15, Judas is offered 30 silver coins to betray Jesus.  This fulfills

Zechariah 11:12 Then I said to them, “If it’s alright with you, pay me my wages. But if it’s not, don’t.” And they paid me my wages—30 pieces of silver.

According to Moses’ law, in Exodus 23:14-19, Jewish men gathered in Jerusalem three times a year. wiki/ Three_Pilgrimage_Festivals.

The Jewish year began around the Spring solstice on the 21st March.  These three festivals were:

  • Passover on 14/1 (the 14th day of the 1st month) (~4th April) began the feast of unleavened bread, which finished on 21/1
  • Pentecost on 15/3 (~4th June) marked the beginning of the harvest
  • Tabernacles (tents /shelters) began on 15/7 (~4th October) marked the end of the harvest.  It finished on 22/7

It’s during the first of these festivals that Jesus became the Passover lamb.

Luke 22:7-18: Jesus celebrates Passover

A jewish passover table setting

Passover Exodus 12 remembers the night God freed the Israelite slaves from Egypt.  I recommend watching The Prince of Egypt to get up to speed on this time that’s described in Exodus 1-15.

The movie, The Messiah, Prophecy Fulfilled depicts an early Christian returning to his family to celebrate Passover.  As their traditions unfold, he shows how they tell the story that Jesus fulfilled.

The last supper

Luke 22:19-20: The Lord’s Supper

Communion bread and wine

Churches reenact this part of the “Last Supper” in what’s called communion.  Although this can be done quite differently, we share this moment across time and cultures, together as Christ’s body.

I’ve produced a video and study on Communion covering its background and prophetic significance.

Luke 22:21-23: Jesus knows who will betray him

This fulfils

Psalm 41:9 Even my closest friend whom I trusted, the one who ate my bread, has lifted his heel against me.

Luke 22:24-30: Who’s the greatest?

You’ve just gotta love these guys – they’re just like us.  If you want to be a great Christian leader, you must serve many people – not be served by many people.  By this you’ll earn the right and ability to govern in Jesus’ future kingdom. 

The Queen reviewing official documents

This reminds me of the Queen’s attitude of living to serve the British Commonwealth – even decades beyond the normal age of retirement.

Luke 22:31-38: Jesus predicts Peter’s denial

Jesus knew the scripture about his betrayal.

Zechariah 13:7 “Arise, sword, against my shepherd, against the man who is my friend,” declares the Lord of Armies. “Strike the shepherd, and the sheep will be scattered. Then I will turn my hand against the little ones.”

From this verse, he knew that his disciples would all abandon him that night.

Jesus told his disciples to sell their cloak and buy swords so that Isaiah 53:12 would be fulfilled.  This verse is often taken out of context to justify deadly force in self-defense.

Luke 22:39-46: Jesus prays in the garden of Gethsemane

Google map of the Mt of Olives across the valley from the temple The Mt of Olives is just over the valley overlooking the temple.

Jesus’ prayer reflects

Isaiah 50:5 The Almighty Lord will open my ears. I will not rebel, nor will I turn away [from him].

Jesus praying in the garden

His sweat being like blood is a rare medical condition called hematohidrosis, which is experienced under extreme stress such as before a battle.

Luke 22:47-54: Jesus is arrested

The typical human reaction is to defend one’s self as the disciples started hacking around with their swords.  Jesus’ reaction is an amazing contrast - that even at his arrest, he’s healing people.

I love John’s account.

John 18:6 When Jesus told them, “I am he,” the crowd backed away and fell to the ground.

This fulfills

Psalm 27:2 Evildoers closed in on me to tear me to pieces. My opponents and enemies stumbled and fell.

Jesus’ arrest in the garden of Gethsemane

Luke 22:55-62: Peter denies Jesus

Peter denies Jesus

In spite of Peter’s good intentions, he was overcome with fear and denied his closest friendship.  It’s reassuring that we’re in good company.

After Jesus’ resurrection, in John 21:15-18, Peter is saddened when Jesus asks him a third time, “Do you love me?”, as he remembers his denial.  But Jesus restores Peter for each time he denied knowing him.  In the same way, Jesus continues to forgive us and restore us to do his work.

Luke 22:63-71: Jesus’ trial with the Jewish council

Jesus on trial with the religious authorities

This gathering of the Jewish council fulfils

Psalms 2:2 Kings take their stands. Rulers make plans together against the Lord and against his Messiah

Jesus’ answer reminds me of when they asked where his authority comes from in Luke 20.  When Jesus responded with the question of where John’s authority came from, they refused to answer.  He then refers to

Psalms 110:1 The Lord said to my Lord, “Take the honored position—the one next to me [God the Father] on the heavenly throne until I put your enemies under your control.”

When asked if he’s the Son of God, he responds with, “You said it”.  It seems they didn’t like what they said.